Roman Catholic Missions — June 7, 2010 at 9:56 am



Mgr Petitjean, of the Paris Foreign Missions Society, first effective Vicar Apostolic of Japan.

Rumors of a change in the policy of the Government increased. By the end of 1872, the exiles were receiving more lenient treatment, and there were many indications that brighter days were at hand.


Such was the message written in March 1873, by Mgr. Petitjean and sent to HongKong for transmission to the Missionary Society in Paris. Orders had at last been sent for the return of all exiles, and ere long, companies of them began to arrive in Nagasaki. What Joy for them to come back to their beloved valley, which some of them had not seen for more than three years, and others for five years!

Those that returned were in great poverty. Many at the time of their departure had sold their lands at any price they could get, and were now forced to cultivate less fertile ground on the sides of the mountains. The Christians of other places came to the help of their brethren, as the first harvest was bountiful, the severest stress was soon relieved.

The Christians that had been sent into exile had not suffered in vain. Not only had they been one of the means for bringing about religious freedom, but they had also impressed some people who saw them with profound respect for their faith. Hon. Ebara Soroku, a prominent Methodist and a leading Member of Parliament, says that some of the exiles were placed under his care by a provincial governor, who afterwards became, like himself a Christian and a member of the National House of Representatatives.

Ebara was born in Edo as the son of a lesser retainer of the Tokugawa Shogunate, but was an exceptionally talented scholar and selected for the Shogunal military academy based on his performance at the terakoya temple schools. Following his combat service at the Battle of Toba-Fushimi during the Boshin War of the Meiji Restoration, he visited the United States. On his return to Japan, he moved to Shizuoka prefecture to be near the former Shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu and assisted in establishing the Numazu Military Academy and Numazu Junior High School. Becoming a Christian in 1877, he was responsible for starting the Numazu Church. Later, Ebara served as head of the Tokyo YMCA. In 1890, Ebara was elected in the Japanese general election, 1890 to the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan and served as a member of the Liberal Party, the Kenseikai, and the Rikken Seiyūkai. In 1912, he was appointed to the House of Peers.He was sent to the United States to try to ease tension over California's Alien Land Law of 1913. Ebara is also remembered as the founder of Azabu High School (then a middle school).

Hon. Kataoka Kenkichi, who several times Speaker of the House of Representatives, says that in his city of Kochi about sixty of the Christians, before being sent back to their homes, were taken to a Buddhist temple in order that the priests might make one more effort to persuade them to renounce their faith. Their steadfastness so surmised the priests that is said some of them decided to become Christians. Mr. Kataoka adds: “To the exiles I attribute my first leanings towards Christianity and my subsequent Christian belief.” It will be seen that at the end of the period of persecution the Roman Catholic missionaries had several thousand adherents. They counted the Christians directly connected with them as fifteen thousand, while ,they knew that there were many thousands more who considered that they held the faith of accent Christians, but who had not yet entered, as many of them afterward did, into formal relations with the missionaries. In comparing the results of what has been accomplished by the Roman Catholic, the Greek, and the Protestant churches, the great number of adherents that the first had had from the beginning must be remembered. On the other hand, however, it cannot be forgotten that its missionaries have labored under the great disadvantage of being the successors of those who were believed to have brought great evils upon the country two hundred and fifty years before. Though the common people were slow to learn of any distinctions, educated persons were aware that there was a great difference between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. Many who were bitterly prejudiced against the former were not unwilling to examine the teaching of the latter.

The river plain now containing the city centre was originally settled as a castle town around the seat of the lords of Tosa Province, Kōchi Castle. The castle site was chosen by Lord Yamauchi Katsutoyo in 1601. The city takes its name from that of the castle. As the centre of administration for the province, and the prefecture which succeeded it, the town rapidly grew to become the largest settlement of the region. During the time of the Meiji Restoration, Kōchi became famous as a centre of pro-imperial ideology, and later for incubating democratic and human rights movements.

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